What you need to know about physiotherapy and podiatry.
Physio&SoleClinic Physiotherapy January 25 2016
The knees are the most active joints during the grueling sport of cycling. They take on the most stress during hard pedaling and climbing. Here are the most common causes and conditions of knee injuries related to cycling.
Injuries usually occur when the load becomes too much for the joint to take. While the exact causes to knee pain may involve many factors, cyclists often reported these signs leading up to their symptoms:
Common Knee Injuries
The patella tendon is the thick band that is located right below the knee cap and it stretches a few inches down to the bony prominence on the shin bone. Patients usually complain of pain in this area when they climb stairs or when getting up from a seat. In more serious cases, direct pressure to this area will also cause pain.
PFPS is caused by abnormal movement of the knee cap. The knee cap sits in a groove on the thigh bone and moves up and down whenever we bend or straighten our knee. Pain can arise when there is a misalignment which causes the knee cap to move in a tilted or altered manner. This happens when cyclists have overly tight Iliotibial Bands (ITB) or lateral quadriceps , causing muscular imbalances which in turn ‘shift’ the knee cap out of alignment. Patients will commonly complain of pain in and around the knee cap during activities like running, cycling and climbing stairs.
The Quadriceps muscles are located on the front of the thigh. Cyclists often strain these muscles when they attack uphill or accelerate suddenly with heavy gears. The pain can be felt in the middle of the muscle belly or right above the knee cap. In serious cases, bruising can be observed and walking can be painful.
The ITB is a thick fibrous band that starts from the side of the thigh near the hip and extends all the way down to outer side of the shin bone. The ITB can tighten up due to excessive climbing and long rides. When the ITB becomes overly tight, it can cause pain on the outside of the shin bone.
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