Also known as “fallen arches” or “pes planus”, this condition occurs in approximately 20-30 percent of the population. One acquires flat foot when the arch contour is lowered on the inner side of the sole. They can occur during and throughout childhood, while they can also develop in adults due to injuries, muscles overuse, pregnancy or with certain medical conditions. Having flat feet may lead to other issues later on in life if left untreated.
Common causes include the following:
Signs and Symptoms
There are people with fallen arches who experience no pain or problems in their feet. Most, however, may experience pain not only in their feet but in other areas such as ankles, knees and lower back.
Some signs and symptoms one may experience with flat feet include:
These signs and symptoms may vary according to the severity of the condition.
Pediatric / Children’s Flat Feet
Infants’ feet do appear flat as the arch has yet to be formed due to low muscle tone and weak ligaments. There is also a fat deposit which can hide the natural curve of the arch area. This fat pad usually disappears when the child is about 2-3 years old.
When should I be concerned for my child?
Almost all children’s feet appear to be flat until they are 3 years old. While some children have flat feet and have no problems at any stage in life, many do suffer from ailments such as arthritis and muscle problems, which can start as early as their teenage years. This can seriously affect their quality of life.
If the answer is ‘yes’ to these questions below, you may wish to make an appointment for your child to have a thorough examination:
How can a Podiatrist help?
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